City of New Orleans
Known as “The Crescent City,” “America’s Most Interesting City” and, of course, “The Big Easy,” New Orleans offers a very unique lifestyle to its residents.
The city is named after the Duke of Orleans, who reigned as Regent for Louis XV from 1715 to 1723. New Orleans was established by French colonists and exhibits their influences, with unique African cultures intertwined. Well known for its distinct French and Spanish Creole architecture, New Orleans has a dynamic cross-cultural and multilingual heritage.
The Louisiana Purchase in 1803 transferred ownership of Louisiana to U.S. control. During the early 19th century, New Orleans became the principal Southern City as a result of commodities trading from surrounding sugar and cotton plantations. At the turn of the 20th century New Orleans reinvented itself modernizing transportation, ports, and developing a manufacturing sector.
New Orleans boomed when World War II brought major-shipbuilding industries to New Orleans. Simultaneously the birth of Louisiana’s oil-and-gas extraction industry created sizable and stable employment. As containerization replaced bulk cargo in the shipping industry, more and more dockworkers’ jobs were made obsolete. At the same time, New Orleans began to develop a strong service sector focused on leisure and business tourism that would soon account for 44 percent of Louisiana’s tourist economy.
On August 29, 2005, Hurricane Katrina ravaged New Orleans taking 1,500 lives and displacing almost the entire population. Post-Katrina brought about an influx of young professionals specializing in the digital, finance, media, entertainment and cultural economy contributing to the local cultural renaissance. The resurgence of New Orleans continues to grow with improvements in the public school system, levee structure, and hurricane evacuation plans.